利用pgpool实现PostgreSQL的高可用

in 编程
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基于流复制的方式,两节点自动切换:

    1、单pgpool

        a.环境:

pgpool:192.168.238.129
data1:192.168.238.130
data2:192.168.238.131

        b.图例

        c.配置互信

ssh-copy-id ha@node1
ssh-copy-id ha@node2

        d.数据库节点配置,请参照《
使用pg_basebackup搭建PostgreSQL流复制环境
》。


        e.pgpool配置:

listen_addresses = '*'
backend_hostname0 = 'node1'
backend_port0 = 5432
backend_weight0 = 1
backend_data_directory0 = '/home/ha/pgdb/data'
backend_flag0 = 'ALLOW_TO_FAILOVER'

backend_hostname1 = 'node2'
backend_port1 = 5432
backend_weight1 = 1
backend_data_directory1 = '/home/ha/pgdb/data'
backend_flag1 = 'ALLOW_TO_FAILOVER'

enable_pool_hba = on
pool_passwd = 'pool_passwd'

pid_file_name = '/home/ha/pgpool/pgpool.pid'
logdir = '/home/ha/pgpool/log'

health_check_period = 1
health_check_user = 'ha'
health_check_password = 'ha'

failover_command = '/home/ha/pgdb/fail.sh %H'

recovery_user = 'ha'
recovery_password = 'ha'

        f.fail.sh

# Failover command for streaming replication.
# This script assumes that DB node 0 is primary, and 1 is standby.
#
# If standby goes down, do nothing. If primary goes down, create a
# trigger file so that standby takes over primary node.
#
# Arguments: $1: failed node id. $2: new master hostname. $3: path to
# trigger file.

new_master=$1
trigger_command="/home/ha/pgdb/bin/pg_ctl -D /home/ha/pgdb/data promote -m fast"

# Do nothing if standby goes down.
if [ $failed_node = 1 ]; then
        exit 0;
fi

# Create the trigger file.
/usr/bin/ssh -T $new_master $trigger_command

exit 0;

        g.建立pool_passwd

pg_md5 -m -p -u postgres pool_passwd

        PS:在9.1之前一直用的是trigger_file,这里建议用promote -m fast的方式,因为

pg_ctl promote -m fast will skip the checkpoint at end of recovery so that we can achieve very fast failover when the apply delay is low. Write new WAL record XLOG_END_OF_RECOVERY to allow us to switch timeline correctly for downstream log readers. If we skip synchronous end of recovery checkpoint we request a normal spread checkpoint so that the window of re-recovery is low. Simon Riggs and Kyotaro Horiguchi, with input from Fujii Masao. Review by Heikki Linnakangas

        h.测试
          pgpool节点

[ha@node0 pgdb]$ pgpool -n -d > /tmp/pgpool.log 2>&1 &
[1] 22928
[ha@node0 pgdb]$ psql -h 192.168.238.129 -p 9999 -d postgres -U ha
Password for user ha: 
psql (9.4.5)
Type "help" for help.

postgres=# insert into test values (8);
INSERT 0 1
postgres=# select * from test ;
 id 
----
  1
  2
  3
  4
  6
  8
(6 rows)

         node1节点:

[ha@localhost pgdb]$ ps -ef | grep post
root       2124      1  0 Dec26 ?        00:00:00 /usr/libexec/postfix/master
postfix    2147   2124  0 Dec26 ?        00:00:00 qmgr -l -t fifo -u
postfix   13295   2124  0 06:01 ?        00:00:00 pickup -l -t fifo -u
ha        13395      1  0 06:06 pts/3    00:00:00 /home/ha/pgdb/bin/postgres
ha        13397  13395  0 06:06 ?        00:00:00 postgres: checkpointer process   
ha        13398  13395  0 06:06 ?        00:00:00 postgres: writer process   
ha        13399  13395  0 06:06 ?        00:00:00 postgres: wal writer process   
ha        13400  13395  0 06:06 ?        00:00:00 postgres: autovacuum launcher process   
ha        13401  13395  0 06:06 ?        00:00:00 postgres: stats collector process   
ha        13404  13395  0 06:07 ?        00:00:00 postgres: wal sender process rep 192.168.238.131(59415) streaming 0/21000060
ha        13418   4087  0 06:07 pts/3    00:00:00 grep post
[ha@localhost pgdb]$ kill -9 13395

         pgpool节点:

postgres=# insert into test values (8);
server closed the connection unexpectedly
	This probably means the server terminated abnormally
	before or while processing the request.
The connection to the server was lost. Attempting reset: Succeeded.
postgres=# insert into test values (8);
INSERT 0 1
postgres=# insert into test values (8);
INSERT 0 1
postgres=# select * from test ;
 id 
----
  1
  2
  3
  4
  6
  8
  8
  8
(8 rows)

    2.两个pgpool节点

        a.环境

pgpool:192.168.238.129  pgpool:192.168.238.131
node1:192.168.238.130
node2:192.168.238.131

        b.图例

        c.配置互信,同上。
        d.数据库节点配置,同上。
        e.pgpool配置
            node1

          f.配置pgpool(主)

listen_addresses = '*'
backend_hostname0 = 'node1'
backend_port0 = 5432
backend_weight0 = 1
backend_data_directory0 = '/home/ha/pgdb/data/'
backend_flag0 = 'ALLOW_TO_FAILOVER'
backend_hostname1 = 'node2'
backend_port1 = 5432
backend_weight1 = 1
backend_data_directory1 = '/home/ha/pgdb/data/'
backend_flag1 = 'ALLOW_TO_FAILOVER'
enable_pool_hba = on
authentication
pool_passwd = 'pool_passwd'
pid_file_name = '/home/ha/pgpool/pgpool.pid'
logdir = '/tmp/log'
master_slave_mode = on
master_slave_sub_mode = 'stream'
sr_check_period =2
sr_check_user = 'ha'
sr_check_password = 'ha'
health_check_period = 1
health_check_timeout = 20
health_check_user = 'ha'
health_check_password = 'ha'
failover_command = '/home/ha/pgpool/fail.sh %H'
recovery_user = 'ha'
recovery_password = 'ha'
use_watchdog = on
wd_hostname = 'node1'    #本端
delegate_IP = '192.168.238.151'
#利用ifconfig,查看网卡
if_up_cmd = 'ifconfig eth1:0 inet $_IP_$ netmask 255.255.255.0'
if_down_cmd = 'ifconfig eth1:0 down'
heartbeat_destination0 = 'node2' #对端
heartbeat_device0 = 'eth0'
other_pgpool_hostname0 = 'node2' #对端
other_pgpool_port0 =9999
other_wd_port0 = 9000

        g.配置pgpool(从)

listen_addresses = '*'
backend_hostname0 = 'node1'
backend_port0 = 5432
backend_weight0 = 1
backend_data_directory0 = '/home/ha/pgdb/data/'
backend_flag0 = 'ALLOW_TO_FAILOVER'
backend_hostname1 = 'node2'
backend_port1 = 5432
backend_weight1 = 1
backend_data_directory1 = '/home/ha/pgdb/data/'
backend_flag1 = 'ALLOW_TO_FAILOVER'
enable_pool_hba = on
authentication
pool_passwd = 'pool_passwd'
pid_file_name = '/home/ha/pgpool/pgpool.pid'
logdir = '/tmp/log'
master_slave_mode = on
master_slave_sub_mode = 'stream'
sr_check_period =2
sr_check_user = 'ha'
sr_check_password = 'ha'
health_check_period = 1
health_check_timeout = 20
health_check_user = 'ha'
health_check_password = 'ha'
failover_command = '/home/ha/pgpool/fail.sh %H'
recovery_user = 'ha'
recovery_password = 'ha'
use_watchdog = on
wd_hostname = 'node2'    #本端
delegate_IP = '192.168.238.151'
#利用ifconfig,查看网卡
if_up_cmd = 'ifconfig eth1:0 inet $_IP_$ netmask 255.255.255.0'
if_down_cmd = 'ifconfig eth1:0 down'
heartbeat_destination0 = 'node1' #对端
heartbeat_device0 = 'eth1'
other_pgpool_hostname0 = 'node1' #对端
other_pgpool_port0 =9999
other_wd_port0 = 9000

        h.fail.sh

# Failover command for streaming replication.
# This script assumes that DB node 0 is primary, and 1 is standby.
#
# If standby goes down, do nothing. If primary goes down, create a
# trigger file so that standby takes over primary node.
#
# Arguments: $1: failed node id. $2: new master hostname. $3: path to
# trigger file.

new_master=$1
trigger_command="/home/ha/pgdb/bin/pg_ctl -D /home/ha/data start"

# Do nothing if standby goes down.
if [ $failed_node = 1 ]; then
        exit 0;
fi

# Create the trigger file.
/usr/bin/ssh -T $new_master $trigger_command

exit 0;

    
       i.建立pool_passwd

pg_md5 -m -p -u postgres pool_passwd

        j.测试

#数据库、pgpool启动
[ha@node0 pgdb]$ psql -h 192.168.238.151 -p 9999 -d postgres -U ha
Password for user ha: 
psql (9.4.5)
Type "help" for help.

postgres=# insert into test values (9);
INSERT 0 1
postgres=# insert into test values (9);
INSERT 0 1
postgres=# 
--杀掉node1的数据库进程
postgres=# insert into test values (9);
server closed the connection unexpectedly
	This probably means the server terminated abnormally
	before or while processing the request.
The connection to the server was lost. Attempting reset: Succeeded.
postgres=# insert into test values (9);
INSERT 0 1
postgres=# insert into test values (9);
INSERT 0 1
postgres=# insert into test values (9);
INSERT 0 1
postgres=# insert into test values (9);
INSERT 0 1
postgres=# insert into test values (9);
INSERT 0 1
postgres=# insert into test values (9);
INSERT 0 1
postgres=# insert into test values (9);
INSERT 0 1
postgres=# insert into test values (9);
INSERT 0 1
--杀掉node1的pgpool进程
postgres=# insert into test values (9);
server closed the connection unexpectedly
	This probably means the server terminated abnormally
	before or while processing the request.
The connection to the server was lost. Attempting reset: Succeeded.
postgres=# insert into test values (9);
INSERT 0 1
postgres=# insert into test values (9);
INSERT 0 1
postgres=#




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